Political cartoons, 1963-1975.


EXTENT: 1.5 cubic ft. (1 legal-size archives box and 1 oversize box)

ACCESS: Unrestricted

REPRODUCTION: All requests subject to limitations noted in departmental policies on reproduction.

COPYRIGHT: Information on copyright (literary rights) available from repository.

CITATION: Joseph Morgan Johnson Political cartoons, MSS 031, Archives and Manuscripts Dept., Pitts Theology Library, Emory University.

 Biographical Note

Cartoonist and Methodist Missionary Joseph Morgan Johnson was born in Georgia on 19 December 1928. In order to pursue his interest in art he enrolled in the University of Georgia and received a Bachelor of Fine Arts degree in drawing and painting in 1948. The following year Johnson entered the Candler School of Theology at Emory University. In 1951 he received a Bachelor of Divinity degree and was ordained into the Methodist Church. Leaving Georgia that year, he went to New York University to work on a Masters Degree in Art Teaching. After completing his degree in 1952, Johnson faced a difficult decision. Having been raised in a pacifist home and adhering to pacifist principles, Johnson sought an alternative to military service during the Korean War. He chose instead to combine his artistic and theological training and to go to Africa as a missionary teacher for the Methodist Church in Rhodesia (Zimbabwe) until 1954.

After leaving Africa Johnson returned to Georgia. In 1957 he married Rosalie Voigt of Macon, Georgia and taught at Druid Hills High School. In 1961 the Johnsons returned to Rhodesia where Joseph taught at Mutambara, Hartzell and Nyadiri Teachers' College until 1974.

While in Rhodesia, Johnson served as cartoonist and illustrator for Umbowo, a newspaper published by the Rhodesian Annual Conference of the Methodist Church. During that time he was charged with sedition in regard to a cartoon he drew about a resettlement camp. Johnson writes, "After a series of appearances in court, the State withdrew its charges and the court declared me therefore innocent of the charges. "After this I was declared a prohibited immigrant by the Immigration Ministry of Rhodesia and was thus deported". Johnson went from Rhodesia to Zambia in 1976 but returned to Zimbabwe in 1983. While there, Johnson taught art at Hartzell High School, was on the staff of the Old Mutare Methodist Church and served as the archivist of the United Methodist Church of Zimbabwe. Joseph and Caroline Johnson have five children, Linda Caroline, Mary Vaughan, Michael Emmet,Lawrence Tandai, and Morgan Chido.

Johnson and his wife, Rosalie, left Zimbabwe in March, 1991 for Atlanta, Ga.. In September of 1991, they began their current appointment as the mission interpreters for the Southeast Jurisdiction.

Scope and Content Note

The collection consists of 53 political cartoons from Umbowo, the Rhodesian Methodist Newspaper for which Joseph Morgan Johnson is a cartoonist. His cartoons are clearly anti government dealing with such topics as: politics, education, hunger, the Rhodesian independence Movement, and the banning of a Methodist minister from the county. Included is a blank clipping from April 1967 in which Johnson's cartoon was censored. 

                         Container List

Box/Folder #

1/1         I. Cartoons from UMBOWO, 1963-1964
             A. Cartoon from November, 1963.
             B. First Cartoon drawn for UMBOWO. 1964.
                Also copy of a engraved cover for the
                old UMBOWO.

1/2        II. Cartoons from UMBOWO, 1965.
             A. "Please see that I'm almost finished. I
                cannot do more!" July, 1965.
             B. Two cartoons from September, 1965.
             C. Caricatures of Mr. Harold Wilson,
                British Prime Minister, and Mr. Ian
                Smith, Rhodesian Prime Minister
                October, 1965.

1/3       III.  Cartoons from UMBOWO, 1966.
             A. Commonwealth Leaders Meet in London
                September, 1966. 
             B. "Hark! Hark! The dogs do bark" But
                where's the bite? Vol. 49, No. 9 
                (October, 1966).
             C. It's Not The Six Principles It's The
                Speed! Vol. 49, No. 10 (November,
             D. Tick, Tick, Tick..." December,
                1966/January, 1967.

1/4        IV.   Cartoons from UMBOWO, 1967.
             A. Smith in Mood To Declare Rhodesia A
                Republic  Vol. 50, No. 11-12 (December,
                1966-January 1967).
             B. Are Sanctions Biting? Vol. 50, No. 3
                (March, 1967)
             C. "All material in this newspaper has 
                been subject to Government Censorship." 
                Blank clipping in which Johnson's
                cartoon was censored. Vol. 50, No. 4
                (April, 1967).
             D. "Why Can't We Live Together!" Vol. 50
                (August, 1967).
             E. Detroit .... Hanoi. September, 1967.
             F. Kaunda Bitter With Britain Over
                Rhodesia Vol. 50, No. 10 (October,

             G. Line-Up On African Leaders In The News. 
                October, 1967

1/5         V. Cartoons from UMBOWO, 1968.
             A. Okapi. February, 1968
             B. All I Said was "Bantustan". How is that
                different from "Separate Development"?.
                February, 1968.
             C. Report of the Constitutional
                Commission, 1968, par. 46. May, 1968
             D. Mwazvitta, Changamire... Ko? Mari
               1.  June, 1968.
               2.  Vol. 51, No.12 (December, 1968).
             E. There Is Still A Gap November, 1968.
             F. Brother, according to this map that
                star is farther away than we figured!
                December, 1968.
             G. James Bottomley, 1968: Is The Tale
                Still the Tiger's?  1968.

1/6        VI. Cartoons from UMBOWO, 1969.
             A. What's in it for us? January, 1969.
             B. Go Forward Together. June, 1969.
             C. The Prime Minister explained that in
                the new teaching hospital patients 
                could choose the race and sex of
                medical students assigned to them.
                September, 1969.
             D. Nyika yedu iripiko?.  Vol. 52, No. 10
                (October, 1969).

1/7       VII.   Cartoons from UMBOWO, 1970.
             A. "Kufa Kuri Nani!". April, 1970.
             B. To Keep the Balance of Power?. April,
             C. The team at work....     June, 1970.
             D. Matthew 5:11. October, 1970.

1/8      VIII. Cartoons from UMBOWO, 1971.
             A. Salary Differences... August, 1971

1/9        IX. Cartoons from UMBOWO, 1972.
             A. I don't see how you fellas expect me to
                get a "yes" out of this!. April, 1972.
             B. ANC for Dialogue. August, 1972.
             C. Brother, according to this map that
                star is farther away than we figured!.
                December, 1972.

1/10        X. Cartoons from UMBOWO, 1973.
             A. TTL ban - Youths. January, 1973.
             B. We know how to punish the tribesmen -
                but how do we handle the midzimu? 
                February, 1972.
             C. Norman Thomas, B.A., B.D. (Yale), Ph.D.
                (Boston), P.I. (Rhodesia). April, 1973
             D. Forward Rhodesia. Vol. 56, No. 12
                (December, 1973).

1/11       XI. Cartoons from UMBOWO, 1975.
             A. Smith repeats: No Black rule in
                Rhodesia. Vol. 58, No. 9 (September,

1/12      XII. Cartoons from UMBOWO with no date.
             A. ANC for Dialogue
             B. Brother, according to this map that
                star is farther away than we figured!
             C. Separate Development (A sketch
                submitted to the censor during
                censorship after U.D.I..
             D. Drawing from old UMBOWO scratchboard.

          XII. Oversize cartoons in Bottom of box.
             A. Caricatures of Mr. Harold Wilson,
                British Prime Minister, and Mr. Ian
                Smith, Rhodesian Prime Minister Vol.
                48, No. 8 (October, 1965).
             B. "Don't Plant Tobacco... Plant Wheat".
                Vol. 49, No. 1 (January/ February,
             C. "Hark! Hark! The dogs do bark" But
                where's the bite?. Vol. 49, No. 9
                (October, 1966).
             D. UMBOWO Records Rhodesian UDI History in
                Cartoons. May, 1968. 50th  Anniversary
             E. "The World is my Parish". Vol. 55, No.
                10 (October, 1972)
             F. Resettlement Camps - Are They Part of
                the Campaign? (Offending cartoon used
                in court as exhibit 2).

Last Modified: 10/08/00